Lieutenant General Lord Hill, K.B.
Stipple engraving and line etching with original hand colour. Drawn by W[illiam] Heath, published (with Dedication to Hill) by J[ames] Jenkins, August 12 1814, 48 Strand [London].
Image size: 16" x 11 1/2" approx.
Fair to good condition: bright colour, the background a little time-stained, a tear extending 1 3/4" at bottom left (could be covered by mounting), top left corner missing (could be covered by mounting).
General Hill, 1st Viscount Hill of Almaraz, was born in 1772 and educated at the King's School Chester. He was commissioned into 38th Foot in 1790, promoted to lieutenant the following year and very soon appointed to the 53rd Regiment of Foot. In 1793, he was asked to raise an independent company and given the rank of captain.
He served at the siege of Toulon in Autumn 1793 from where he carried the dispatches to London. He then transferred to one of Major General Cornelius Cuyler's independent companies on 16 November 1793. In 1794 he assisted Thomas Graham in raising the 90th Foot for which he was promoted to major on 27 May 1794 and to lieutenant-colonel on 26 July 1794. He was promoted to colonel on 1 January 1800. Hill served in the Napoleonic Wars as a trusted brigade, division and corps commander under the command of the Duke of Wellington. On 18th June 1815 he commanded the II Corps at the Battle of Waterloo At the Battle of Waterloo Hill commanded the II Corps and led the famous charge of Sir Frederick Adam's brigade against the Imperial Guard towards the end of the battle, escaping unscathed. As well as several awards from allied nations after the battle, in August 1815 the Dutch King William l made him a Commander of the exclusive Military Order of William. He succeeded the Duke of Wellington as Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in 1829 and remained in that post until 1839. He died in December 1842.